Course Information
Add to CartCourseNon-Member PriceMember Price
Add to cart
Online: Musculoskeletal Imaging in Physical Therapy Practice: Radiologic Evaluation of the Cervical Spine
view description

Presenters: Lynn N. McKinnis, PT, OCS


$26.00 Member | $43.00 Nonmember (fee subject to change)
CEU: 0.2 CEUs (2 contact hours/CCUs) will be awarded upon successful completion of a multiple choice test. You must complete the online posttest with at least 70% accuracy in order to claim CEU credit.
Course Level: Intermediate
Publication Date: March 2009


Overview | Objectives | Presenters Bios | CEU Information | System Requirements

This course describes radiologic evaluation of the cervical spine, one of the most frequently evaluated areas of the body. Understanding the underlying degenerative changes of the cervical spine revealed on radiograph is important for patient groups with conditions resulting from acute trauma, degenerative disorders, and chronic postural strains that cause pain and debilitation. A busy emergency department frequently evaluates the cervical spine for direct and indirect trauma. This area of the body is vulnerable to injury and any trauma should never be underestimated, even if the trauma is at a distant site. Clinicians should review the radiologist's report prior to initiating the evaluation of a patient who has sustained a cervical spine injury. This course also discusses the components of physical evaluations – including ligamentous stability tests, the history, clinical evaluation, and laboratory tests – that should be used as well as radiologic findings to determine treatment for patients who have sustained cervical spine trauma.

-back to top-


After completing this module, you should be able to:

  1. Review osseous and ligamentous anatomy of the cervical spine to assist in the identification of radiographic anatomy.

  2. Briefly review joint ligaments and joint mobility to assist in understanding the mechanics of common injury patterns sustained in this region.

  3. Discuss the growth and development of spinal structures as related to their corresponding appearance on radiograph.

  4. Teach the projections of the routine radiologic evaluation of the cervical spine in corresponding radiographs, tracings, and photographs.

  5. Discuss the radiologic observations pertinent to each projection of the routine radiologic evaluation.

  6. Recognize indications for trauma radiography and the special techniques to assess cervical spine stability.

  7. Present an overview of clinical information and radiographic findings pertaining to common fracture and dislocation injury patterns.

  8. Present an overview of the degenerative disease processes of the cervical spine, their radiographic characteristics, and clinical considerations.

  9. Define the characteristics of common anomalies of the cervical spine.

  10. Examine patient case studies to integrate radiologic information with clinical presentation and therapeutic intervention.

-back to top-

Presenter(s) Bios

Lynn N. McKinnis, PT, OCS
McKinnis graduated from St. Louis University with a BS PT in 1981. She returned home to Pennsylvania and worked for 10 years as a clinician in acute care, the next 10 years in long-term care, and the last 7 years in home care. She became Pennsylvania's first Orthopaedic Clinical Specialist in 1989. She began guest-lecturing on orthopedic topics at local universities. Her involvement in one of the first imaging courses in PT curricula at Slippery Rock University in the early 1990s led to a radiology chapter, a continuing education course, and then her own textbook, Fundamentals of Orthopedic Radiology, published in 1997 by F.A. Davis. She teaches imaging to PT students as a visiting professor at several DPT programs across the country. The third edition of her textbook, retitled Fundamentals of Musculoskeletal Imaging, was published by F.A. Davis in 2010.

-back to top-

CEU Information

On successful completion of the examination, 0.2 CEUs (2 contact hours/CCUs) and a certificate of completion will be awarded. The American Physical Therapy Association has been approved as an Authorized Provider by the International Association for Continuing Education and Training (IACET), 1760 Old Meadow Road, Suite 500, McLean, VA 22102. Provider (#380). You must complete the online posttest with at least 70% accuracy in order to claim CEU credit.

Many state agencies recognize APTA as a recognized or approved provider for continuing education. The following state agencies have granted prior approval for this continuing education offering:

  • California Physical Therapy Association: CPTA2014-2015
  • Nevada Board of Physical Therapy Examiners:0.2 Units
  • Ohio State Board of Physical Therapy: 13S2540
  • Oklahoma Board of Medical Licensure & Supervision: 2 Category B Hours
  • Pennsylvania: Approved - 1 DA
  • Texas Physical Therapy Association: 1609016

Please note: Licensees should verify with their state licensing board for acceptance of continuing education units by reviewing the relevant state practice act and/or administrative code.

-more CEU information-

-back to top-

System Requirements
Online Course: This course consists of an online, interactive text-based presentation and a posttest. Resources, when available, are provided as downloadable PDFs within the course. Computer System Requirements.

To view a list of frequently asked questions about the FA Davis course series, click here to view this document.

The APTA Learning Center/F. A. Davis courses are best viewed by using one of the following browsers or their equivalent browser software:

  • Internet Explorer 6.0 or higher  
  • Firefox 3.0 or higher

Recommended Internet Connection: 
We recommend users have at least a high-speed cable or DSL connection.  Dial up modems and/or Satellite Internet connections are not recommended.

Keywords: Orthopedics, Sports

-back to top-

$43.00 $26.00