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DEI: Physical Therapy in the American Indian/Alaskan Native Communities

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    • Non-Member - $60
    • PT Member - $30
    • PTA Member - $30
    • Student - $30
    • Post-Professional Student - $30

This presentation is an introduction to the American Indian and Alaskan Native (AI/AN) communities and their unique aspects of culture. The information will assist providers with connecting to patients and other providers who identify as members of an AI/AN tribe or village. The presentation resources allow participants to learn more about connecting with their local AI/AN communities and develop a foundation as an ally for PT in AI/AN health.

Learning Objectives:

  1. Understand demographics and Health disparities with AI/AN population
  2. Broad overview of cultural awareness from patient/provider point of view
  3. Introduce the Indian Health Service and its role (other access points)
  4. Application of DEI framework to AI/AN persons
  5. Develop future professional goals for allyship

Lynnette C. Gilmore


Lynnette Gilmore is from Grandfalls, Arizona, a rural area located on the Navajo reservation. She is an enrolled member of the Diné (Navajo) tribe where she has received much inspiration and growth from her family, community, and culture which she later discovered as an adult is directly impacted by social determinants of health and social injustices. Lynnette became a physical therapist to help others improve their quality of life. She is an Indian Health Service (IHS) Scholarship recipient in which she proudly started her career working on her reservation serving patients from tribes and rural areas of Northern Arizona. She received the University of New Mexico Physical Therapy Program Alumni of the year award for her work with her tribe. Lynnette has worked as a direct patient care provider, she served as the Director of the Physical Rehabilitation Department at one of the hospitals on the Navajo reservation in Arizona, she also assumed the role of Clinic Director for an outpatient orthopedic clinic in the state of Washington, and has since returned to the state of Arizona and is currently providing direct patient care at a local outpatient physical therapy clinic while continuing her outreach work via co-founding the Indigenous Physical Therapy Network (IPTN), promoting community action via founding the Pinon Career Information Fair (PCIF), and pursuing her entrepreneurship endeavors via Iiné Physical Therapy. Through her vast personal and professional experience, she enjoys sharing knowledge with volunteers, students, and colleagues, she is a certified APTA Clinical Instructor. Since the onset of the covid-19 global pandemic and the surge of social justice movements within the United States, she has participated in nationwide platforms related to Diversity, Equity, and Inclusion (DEI) for physical therapy professionals and physical therapy students, where she has contributed the voice and perspective of a Native American into the conversation. Lynnette's goal is to positively impact her profession and community locally and nationally, to promote wellbeing, to contribute a larger cause that will help each of our patients live a better life.

Natalie O'Neal


Natalie O'Neal is an enrolled member of the Ft. Peck Assiniboine and Sioux tribes of Montana. She played college basketball and completed her Bachelors Degree in Kinesiology and went on to obtain a Doctorate in Physical Therapy from the University of Southern California in 2006. She has been an active part of the urban American Indian community as an advocate for health and wellness. She founded the first known Pro bono Physical Therapy services at an Urban Indian Health clinic in 2016. Natalie is the Program Director of a Physical Therapy Assistant Program in Las Vegas, Nevada. She is a board certified Geriatric Specialist and serves on the APTA Diversity, Equity, and Inclusion Committee. She has dedicated her career to promoting health and wellness with minority and underserved clients.

Course Instructions

  1. Click on the Contents tab to watch the course recording.
  2. Click the Take Quiz button to complete the assessment. Learners will have 3 attempts to pass and must answer at least 70% of questions correctly.
  3. Click Fill Out Survey under the Evaluation listing to provide valuable course feedback. Scroll down on all questions as there may be answer options that expand past the size of the window.
  4. Click the View/Print Your Certificate button under the Certificate listing. You can view/print your certificate at any time by visiting the APTA Learning Center and clicking the CEU Certificate/Transcript link on the left-hand side of the page. 

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For assistance logging in, accessing activities, claiming credit, or for other questions or concerns, please e-mail learningcenter@apta.org. 


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10 Questions  |  3 attempts  |  7/10 points to pass
10 Questions  |  3 attempts  |  7/10 points to pass Please complete the post-course assessment with a score of 70% or better. You have three attempts to obtain a passing score.
12 Questions
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CEU Certificate
Up to 0.20 contact hours available  |  Certificate available
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